Monday, May 25, 2020

Physical and Cognitive Development - 1246 Words

Physical and Cognitive Development PSY/ 103 Introduction to Psychology This paper is will focus on the influences of physical and cognitive development in adolescence from 12 to 18 years of age. This part of the developmental stage has many factors that affect the physical development as well as the cognitive development in adolescence. In addition to influences of physical and cognitive development this paper will also focus on the hereditary and environmental influences that make up this stage in life. This stage in the life span is considered the time when a person moves from the childhood stage into the adulthood stage. During this time there are many physical, cognitive, and personality developments that affect the†¦show more content†¦Children raised in adverse conditions, such as abuse, violence, drugs, and lack of physical activities may not develop in the same manner as a child is raised in a positive atmosphere. Cognitive development Cognitive development in this stage of adolescence centers on the experiences of the adolescent and how they are processedShow MoreRelatedPhysical and Cognitive Development4648 Words   |  19 Pages 3. Physical development page 3 3.1 Physical development during early adulthood page 3 3.2 Physical development during middle adulthood page 3 3.3 Physical development during late adulthood page 5 4. Cognitive development page 7 4.1 Crystallised and fluid intelligence page 7 4.2 Cognitive development during early adulthood page 8 4.3 Cognitive development during middle adulthood page 10 4.4 Cognitive development during late adulthood page 11 5. The influence of physical and cognitiveRead MorePhysical Development : Cognitive Development1110 Words   |  5 PagesPhysical Development 1. Gross motor refers to a baby’s use of larger muscles of the body to accomplish larger movements such as, crawling, walking, and jumping (Martin Fabes, 2009). When Carolina told her 38-month old son, Jake to ‘walk over to Daddy’; Jake used his gross motor skills to lift himself from seating position to standing, and taking big steps towards his dad. 2. According to Martin and Fabes (2009), fine motor skills allow children to manipulate and interact with objects. At nine-monthsRead MoreCognitive, Social, And Physical Development936 Words   |  4 PagesCognitive, Social Physical Development Early Childhood Education emphasizes the development of the whole child: Cognitive, social and physical. Some educators emphasize the cognitive domain, neglecting social and physical development. Student learning is enhanced when teachers incorporate the three domains into planning and implementation of curriculum. This paper will investigate how cognitive, social, and physical domains of development are inextricably linked and how they affect the developmentRead MorePhysical And Cognitive Development Of Children Essay1473 Words   |  6 PagesPhysical and Cognitive Development in the Children In the book Child Development An Active Learning Approach, it states that the sequence of motor milestones happen in the same way for most babies around the world. This fact indicates that motor development is strongly controlled by our genes, which dictates the expected sequence of the development (page 193). In researching the physical development of children I learned that there are two forms of motors skills. Fine motors skills which use smallRead MorePhysical, Social, And Cognitive Development1403 Words   |  6 PagesIn order to answer questions about ones physical, social, and cognitive development we must first know what that means. Physical development involves growth and changes in the body and brain, the senses, motor skills, health and wellness. Cognitive development involves learning, attention, memory, language, thinking, reasoning, and creativity. Psychosocial development involves emotions, personality, and social relationships. 1) Chapter 10: Emotion and Motivation Motivation describes the wants orRead MorePhysical And Emotional And Cognitive Development Essay1340 Words   |  6 Pagesand challenges designed to enhance their physical, social, emotional and cognitive development. Imagine groups of girls and boys striving to negotiate their growing bodies through the movement successes and failures; imagine that these children, despite their widely variable physical and social maturity levels, play well together, cooperate fairly, communicate respectfully, and exit the gym with class. Now, imagine this never happens†¦. (Halas, 2004) Physical education is the most important thingRead MoreDevelopment Of A Child s Cognitive And Physical Development811 Words   |  4 PagesHuman development involves a series of complex stages which bring about pivotal changes in a child’s cognitive and physical development. Ozretich and Bowman suggest other periods of rapid growth through middle childhood and adolescence such as moral development, self-concept, psychological and emotional traits, relationships to adults including parents, and peer relationships (2008). Undoubtedly, these dramatic psychosocial changes, when integrated with other biological fluctuations, impact childrenRead MorePhysical, Cognitive, And Social Emotional Development1340 Words   |  6 PagesTypical Physical, Cognitive, and Social-Emotional Development This group of students is quite diverse. This group of fourth grade students also exhibit diversity from their home life, culture, and socioeconomic areas. This school has over an eighty percent ration of students on free or reduced lunches. Religious diversity also plays a part in this group of children. These children break up into social groups based along these lines of diversity. Physical Development Normal physical developmentRead MoreLife Span Development : Cognitive, Social, And Physical Development933 Words   |  4 Pagesspan development: cognitive, social, and physical development. This class is not simply a discussion of nature vs. nurture, it explores the interaction between genetic and environmental factors that orient us towards specific behaviors. Initially, my views on life span development were limited to more sociological factors, and did not take into consideration physical developments of the brain. In relation to my personal and professional identity this course has made me realize that development occursRead MorePhysical Maturation B : Cognitive Development And Schooling1406 Words   |  6 PagesThis chapter includes three major topics: a) Physical maturation b) cognitive development and schooling c) threats to adolescents’ well-being. Adolescence is the time of psychological and physical change and growth. Adolescents grow very rapidly in physical appe arance like weight and height. Puberty is the time when sexual organs become mature and start to produce the sex hormones. Cultural and environment are two factors of puberty. Girls who are grow in the wealthier family have menstruation begins

Thursday, May 14, 2020

Professional Career Development Assignment - 2427 Words

Professional Career Development: Assignment A Geneticist Career Geneticists are biologists that study genetics; the science of genes. Genes are the basic information units through which genetic information is maintained and transmitted. These are sequences of DNA that act like chemical databases forming the blueprint of all living cells or organisms. Information contained in genes underpins the hereditary phenotypic variation of organisms as well as any abnormalities passed on to the next generation. Description As a current student studying for a life sciences degree , there are many career options as well as opportunities that I am interested in. Genetics is a sector, which is very appealing to me since one can study the science of†¦show more content†¦It is considered necessary to have studied genetics at a degree level to proceed on any higher qualification level. Finally, having knowledge of conducting research, hospital laboratory placements or internships and experience gained using similar scientific approaches as well as analytical or problem solving techniques are considered very helpful for future work placement. Any strong skills will be recognized such as being good at synthesizing information or good at oral or writing communication, teamwork, being able to construct or monitor coherent arguments and collaborate or evaluate creative or critical thinking. Main employers Most careers relating to genetics are based in the health services with employers at hospitals, pharmaceutical institutions as wells as colleges or even universities. Furthermore, other important employers are the National Health Service as well as the government departments such as law enforcement agencies. The government-sponsored research councils facilitate laboratories that recruit specialized scientists, with a higher degree. There are also other opportunities in companies related to life sciences degree or more particularly to biological sciences. So, in biotechnological, agribusiness companies, food, energy, water, horticultural, biotechnological, environmental institutions, health and beauty care or even research and agricultural, farming, agrochemical industries as well as

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Corporal Punishment Of Children - 1223 Words

Corporal Punishment of Children Thesis: Although using the corporal punishment method in schools is intended to change the behavior of the student, teachers should not be allowed to use this method to punish students because it’s not effective for the child’s behavioral change, and it affects the child’s behavior mentally and physically. I.Hurts the child physically and abuses the child right II. Destructive rather than constructive A. Many people believe that corporal punishment is a method of encouraging students for better academic performance with no cost. B. Ineffective for the child’s long term behavioral change III. It affects the child’s behavior psychologically A. Makes the student violent B. It lowers the child’s self - esteem Corporal Punishment of Children When I was in middle school at St. Mary’s Catholic School, in Ethiopia, I used to see our teachers using different techniques to punish my classmates. I remember an incident in middle school where a friend of mine was punished in a harmful way because he failed to answer a question. Although the use of corporal punishment in schools is intended to change the behavior of the student, teachers should not be allowed to use this method to punish their students because it hurts the student physically and abuses the child right, it is not effective for the child’s behavioral change, and it affects the student’s behavior psychologically.Show MoreRelatedCorporal Punishment Of Children.981 Words   |  4 Pages Corporal Punishment of Children When I was in middle school at St. Mary’s Catholic School, in Ethiopia, I used to see our teachers using different techniques to punish my classmates. I remember an incident in middle school where a friend of mine was punished in a harmful way because he failed to answer a question. Although the use of corporal punishment in schools is intended to change the behavior of the student, teachers should not be allowedRead MoreCorporal Punishment and Children1935 Words   |  8 PagesIs corporal punishment needed to discipline children? This is a very controversial question that is often debated. Even with as many arguments as there are against corporal punishment, there are also arguments for such punishment for children. This is something that tends to happen in both home and school settings. This type of punishment is very hurtful to the child and can have lasting effects on the child throughout their life. It can cause damage to relationships. It can also cause many diffe rentRead MoreCorporal Punishment And Its Effect On Children1587 Words   |  7 PagesThe term corporal punishment is defined as the use of physical force with the intention of causing a child to experience pain, but not injury, for the purpose of correction or control of the child’s behavior Seven nations Sweden, Finland, Denmark, Norway, Austria, Italy and Cyprus-have laws making it illicit for parents to utilize physical discipline on their children. Corporal punishment in schools has been banned in every one of the nations in Europe, South and Central America, China and JapanRead MoreCorporal Punishment And Its Effect On Children1708 Words   |  7 Pagesviewpoint on corporal punishment; some of the reviews take a look at who is most affected by corporal punishment in terms of focusing their lens on race, socio-economic status, gender, culture etc. Some also take a critical look at the advantages and disadvantages of corporal punishment. Some take a look at the widespread of corporal punishment in the US. Cases against corporal punishment and the effect of corporal punishment on children were also looked into. With all the different ways corporal punishmentRead MoreCorporal Punishment And Its Effect On Children1617 Words   |  7 Pagesof any child’s life is a huge determinate of what their future will turn out to be. Parenting styles are the normative prototypes that parents utilize to socialize and manage their children. Different parents employ different styles of discipline to ensure that their children develop to be all-rounded adults. Children who have been nurtured well by their parents turn up as self-regulated with disciplined behavior. Child discipline is thus a key parenting skill, and the choice of discipline styleRead MoreThe Effects Of Corporal Punishment On Children932 Words   |  4 PagesChildren and Corporal Punishment Punishing children has been one of the most controversial parenting topics this generation has seen. Physical punishment or corporal punishment is simple defined as the use of physical force with the purpose of initiating pain, but not wound, to teach the proper behavior of a child. Corporal punishment has been used for many centuries in schools and in homes but the use of such techniques have since decreased and are not being used in many places today. EvidenceRead MoreThe Effects Of Corporal Punishment On Children953 Words   |  4 Pagesmany views of the past relating to corporal punishment have changed significantly. During my readings I read things that instantly stood out to me. The first being how many issues and their solutions revolved around religion. John Wesley, was the founder of the Methodist Movement, and he believed that children were born with sin and that it was the parental duty to discipline the unruly child, starting at an early age. During this time period, corporal punishment was a common practice. Wesley usedRead MoreThe Effects Of Corporal Punishment On Children2225 Words   |  9 Pagesinternet that will point out the simple pros and cons of Corporal punishment. Many children psychologists state that violence will always produce violence, it will never reduce aggression. This is a generally accepted fact that has been proven and studied for decades. Will someone such as a child, not act out against an aggressor because of the natural drive to preserve their inherited material? There are usually four things that children who have experienced child abuse will do in later years. OneRead MoreCorporal Punishment And Its Effect On Children1860 Words   |  8 PagesReading/Writing L9 17 March 2015 Corporal Punishment by Spanking in Children Corporal punishment is hared way for children. According to Carol Bower, in the article Positive Discipline and a Ban on Corporal Punishment Will Help Stop Cycles of Violence. parents rely on corporal punishment on their children because violence is an acceptable way to solve problems. â€Å"The data showed that 57% of parents with children under 18 used corporal punishment, and 33% used severe corporal punishment in the form of beatings†Read MoreCorporal Punishment And Its Effect On School Children1251 Words   |  6 Pagesdistribute our findings so that all of the public cannot ignore the wholesale infliction of pain and suffering onto our school children, and the role â€Å"paddling† schools play in teaching our children that physically aggressive and coercive resolutions of conflict are legitimate. Contributing to the problem of violence by making children feel rejected and isolated, corporal punishment is unsafe in and of itself, but its discriminate application may be co-incident with problems unique to racial and gender

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

The Lottery, a short story written by Shirley Jackson, is a tale of disturbing evilness Essay Example For Students

The Lottery, a short story written by Shirley Jackson, is a tale of disturbing evilness Essay The Lottery, a short story written by Shirley Jackson, is a tale of disturbing evilness. The setting is a small village consisting of about 300 residents. On June 27th of every year the members of the community hold a village-wide lottery in which everyone is expected to participate. Throughout the story the reader gets an odd feeling regarding the residents. Although they are gathering for a lottery drawing there is an air of nervousness about the event. From start to finish there is an overwhelming sense that something terrible is about to happen due to the authors in depth use of foreshadowing. The first hint that something strange is happening is brought to our attention in the second paragraph. After Jackson describes the summer morning, she alludes to the children gathering in the Village Square, but they are acting quite strange. Bobby Martin had already stuffed his pockets full of stones, and the other boys soon followed his exampleà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ ¦eventually made a great pile of stones in one corner of the square and guarded it against the raids of the other boys Text, 782. The first question we must ask is why are the boys piling stones up in the village square? At the very least we know that the stones will play an important role in the final outcome. Each following paragraph contains subtle clues as to what is going to unfold. After all of the children have gathered the men begin to fill the square, followed by all of the women. They stood together, away from the pile of stones in the corner Text, 783. The fact that the stood away from the stones, again, informs the reader that the stones play some sinister role. Nervousness amongst the people is evident due to the childrens reluctance to join their parents standing in the square. At this point in the story the reader should have a feeling that the lottery being described isnt going to have a pleasant outcome for someone in the population. One particular line on page 784, in the last paragraph, gives the reader direction in realizing the lottery payoff. The narrator describes Mrs. Hutchinsons entrance saying, She tapped Mrs. Delacroix on the arm as a farewell and began to make her way through the crowd. The word farewell is used as foreshadowing to the climax of the story. Normally when a person enters a crowd of people they are greeted, but not Mrs. Hutchinson for she is obviously leaving. Nearer the climax the hints of foreshadowing almost give away the secret. Old Man Warner says, Bad enough to see young Joe Summers up there joking with everybody Text, 786, thus indicating that the lottery was no joking matter. It is obviously going to make a major impact on somebodys life. The people knew that every year there was going to be a lottery, and they maintained a sense of humor to accompany their disgruntlement. Engaging in the drawing was a necessity to them, and for reasons not discussed, they accepted it. Another reference to the seriousness of the occasion is described when Mr. Summers the lottery official says, Well nowà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ ¦guess we better get started, get this over with, so we can get back to work. Anybody aint here? Text, 785. Once again it doesnt sound like the people involved are too anxious to find out who will be the lucky winner. When Mr. Summers begins calling names, the residents nervously present themselves, unaware of their destiny, to pull slips of paper out of the little black lottery box. Nobody is to look at their slip of paper until all of the members of the village had drawn. .u6a2b42af6559381c7b38a9e2bb53ab02 , .u6a2b42af6559381c7b38a9e2bb53ab02 .postImageUrl , .u6a2b42af6559381c7b38a9e2bb53ab02 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u6a2b42af6559381c7b38a9e2bb53ab02 , .u6a2b42af6559381c7b38a9e2bb53ab02:hover , .u6a2b42af6559381c7b38a9e2bb53ab02:visited , .u6a2b42af6559381c7b38a9e2bb53ab02:active { border:0!important; } .u6a2b42af6559381c7b38a9e2bb53ab02 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u6a2b42af6559381c7b38a9e2bb53ab02 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u6a2b42af6559381c7b38a9e2bb53ab02:active , .u6a2b42af6559381c7b38a9e2bb53ab02:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u6a2b42af6559381c7b38a9e2bb53ab02 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u6a2b42af6559381c7b38a9e2bb53ab02 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u6a2b42af6559381c7b38a9e2bb53ab02 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u6a2b42af6559381c7b38a9e2bb53ab02 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u6a2b42af6559381c7b38a9e2bb53ab02:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u6a2b42af6559381c7b38a9e2bb53ab02 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u6a2b42af6559381c7b38a9e2bb53ab02 .u6a2b42af6559381c7b38a9e2bb53ab02-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u6a2b42af6559381c7b38a9e2bb53ab02:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: B.J. Rice EssayThis action adds suspense to the story. The reader will not know what is about to happen until the very end of the story unless they have picked up on Jacksons strong use of foreshadowing. The story finally begins to unfold as everyone examines the individual slips. For a minute, no one moved, and then all the slips of paper were opened. Suddenly, all the women began to speak at once, saying, Who is it? à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ ¦Bill Hutchinsons got it Text, 787. Doomsday is upon the Hutchinsons, and the Missus is screaming and complaining that the lottery wasnt fair. Due to her actions the reader now knows that she is going to be the one, but what is unknown is the prize. All through the story the people of the town have been on edge due to this annual event about which the reader knows very little. The stones that were mentioned in the first paragraph of the story now re-enter the plot and cause damage. After all of Jacksons use of foreshadowing the reader finally finds out what the lottery winner will receive. All of the members of the village go the pile of stones, pick up a hand full and stone Mrs. Hutchinson as she screams It isnt fair, it isnt rightText, 789. After reading the first 3 or 4 sentences of The Lottery it is evident that something very strange is going on in the tiny little village. Shirley Jackson uses an abundance of foreshadowing which indicates, to a degree, what is about to happen to the winner of the lottery drawing. There is at least one indicator within each individual paragraph, which lets the reader know that the lottery is sinister, and that the people of the town are not looking forward to its commencement.

Friday, April 10, 2020

Managerial Accounting Practice Test free essay sample

These activities include all of the following except: planning b. Controlling . Decision making d. Hiring Controllers 2. The act that was intended to protect the interests of those who invest in biblically traded companies by improving the reliability and accuracy of corporate financial reports and disclosures is called Serbians-Solely Act of 2002 .Securities and Exchange Act of 1934 Frank-Todd Act Generally Accepted Accounting Principles Act Managerial Accounting places considerable weight on: 3. A. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles The financial history of the entity . Ensuring that all transactions are properly recoded Providing information to managers for use within the organization 4. The plans of management are often expressed formally in financial statements performance reports . Budgets ledgers 5. Which of the following is NOT one of the Institute of Management Accountants Standards Of Ethical Conduct? A. Competence b. Confidentiality c. Independence d. Integrity 6. Which of the following functions of management involves the process of establishing goals and specifying how to achieve them? Planning Directing . We will write a custom essay sample on Managerial Accounting: Practice Test or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Motivating Decision making 7. The phase of accounting concerned with providing information to managers for use in planning and controlling operations and in decision making is called: a. Throughput time b. Managerial accounting c. Financial accounting d. Controlling 8. Given the following information which procedure would be considered the weakest link (constraint) Doctor referral to an M RI 100 a day Appointments for an MR. 200 a day Follow-up visit 75 a day MR. test 24 a day 9.Read MR. test results 1 O a day Doctor referral to an MR. The Institute of Management Accountants Standards of Ethical Conduct contains a policy regarding confidentiality that requires management accounts: a. Refrain from disclosing confidential information acquired in the course of their work except when authorized by management b. Refrain from disclosing confidential information acquired in the course of their work in all situations c. Refrain from disclosing confidential information acquired in the course of heir work except when authorized by management, unless legally obligated to do so. . Refrain from disclosing confidential information acquired in the course of their work in all cases since the law ARQ rises them to do so. 10. A management approach that organizes resources such as people and machines around the flow of business processes and that only produces units in response to customer orders is called a. Lean Production (Just In Time) b. Performance report c. Segment d. Strategy 11. Which of the following would be considered a cash outflow in the investing activities section of the statement of cash flows? . Dividends paid to the companys own stockholders b. Moment of interest to a lender c. Purchase of equipment d. Retirement of bonds payable 12. In a statement of cash flows, which of the following would be classified as an operating activity? A. The purchase of equipment b. Dividends paid to the companys own common stockholders c. Payments Of monthly rent d. The cash paid to retire bonds payable 13. In a statement of cash flows, receipts from sales of property, plant and equipment should be classified as a(n): operating activity financing activity c. Investing activity ling activity 14.Which of the following should be classified as a financing activity on a statement Of cash flows? Interest Dividends paid paid a. Yes Yes b. No Yes c. Yes No d. No No 15. A company that had a $500 decrease in accounts receivable during a period would be which of the following on its statement of cash flows prepared using the indirect method? A. Add the $500 to net income in order to arrive at net cash provided by operating activities b. Subtract the $500 from net income in order to arrive at net cash provided by operating activities c. Add the $500 to the net cash revived by investing activities d. Ad the $500 to the net cash provided by financing activities 16. Last year Bradford Companys cash account decreased by $19,000. Net cash used in investing activities was $9,000. Net cash provided by financing activities was $16,000. On the statement of cash flows, the net cash flow provided by (used in) operating activities was: d. $7,000 17. The following events occurred last year at Detours Company: Purchase of plant and equipment $33,000 Sale of long-term investment 1 2,000 Paid off bonds payable 1 5,000 Depreciation expense Dividends received 7,000 6,000Based on the above information, the cash provided (used) by investing activities for the year on the statement of cash flows would net to: 18. Payment of income taxes would appear on the statement of cash flows as part of a. Operating activities b. Investing activities c. Financing activities d. Liabilities activities 19. Depreciation expense, on a statement of cash flows would appear as a A. Decrease in investing section b. Increase in operating section c. Decrease in financing activities d. Decrease in operating section 20. The system by which a company is directed and controlled is called a. Corporate governance . Social responsibility c. Internal control d. Generally accepted accounting principles 21. The difference between total sales in dollars and total variable expenses is called a. Net operating income b. Net profit c. The gross margin d. The contribution margin 22. A company makes custom boats. The wages paid to assemblers who assemble the boats would most likely be classified as a. Indirect labor b. Direct labor c. Manufacturing overhead d. Selling expenses 23.

Tuesday, March 10, 2020

Essentials in a Research Essays

Essentials in a Research Essays Essentials in a Research Paper Essentials in a Research Paper Research is guided by the specific research problem, question or hypothesis precisely because research originates with a question or a problem most commonly in terms of the observation of the environment though not necessarily in the sense of the ‘natural environment’. Without the perceived problem, question or hypothesis there would hardly be any reason to investigate or conduct a research in the first place. For that matter, the stimulus for the research derives from the question or problem out of observation and that, correspondingly, it should serve as the framework or the guide for the whole research. For instance, the observation that the seawater tastes salty may result to the questioning of why seawater tastes salty or to the problem of identifying what makes seawater taste salty. From then on the research is to ensue with a set of experiments and data analysis of findings, all of which are guided by the central hypothesis at hand as the core foundation of the research. A classic example which paved the way for modern scientific developments is the case of Charles Darwin. Darwin paved the way for the Theory of Evolution largely through his habit of keeping â€Å"several series of notes and diaries on natural history observations† (Porter, 1982, p. 503). If research is guided by the specific research problem, then it should also be the case that research requires the clear articulation of the goal. If the goal for the research paper is not clearly articulated, then the entire research will most likely result to the failure of arriving at the substantial conclusion given the fact that the most basic goal is not clearly defined. Given the role of the goal of the research as the main target regardless of what other things the research may arrive at in the end, it is never enough to have research goals ambiguously or vaguely articulated. Furthermore, since research is guided by the specific research problem, it should also require a specific plan for proceeding. Otherwise, the specific research problem would not serve its purpose of guiding the whole research process. A carefully laid out plan or scheme of carrying out the research paper or activity is equally important because it holds the structure of the manner or method in which the research goal is to be realized. On the other hand, the specific research plan involves the clear elaboration of the procedures in conducting the research which brings us to the next point. Research usually divides the principal problem into more manageable sub-problems. For example, in Susan Wolf’s (1997) article â€Å"Ban Cloning? Why NBAC is Wrong,† she divides the central question of her research into three sub-problems under three subheadings. This method is particularly effective because it substantiates the central question and gives more room for the scope of the research problem to be solved. And in order for the research to substantiate the central question for the research goal to be realized, the research should also accept certain critical assumptions. For instance, Archie Epps (1961) in his research the Christian doctrine of slavery accepts the critical assumption that the â€Å"inability or general unwillingness to comply with and encourage the removal of segregation, discrimination and prejudice† among others â€Å"are often admittedly Christian (p. 243). By doing so, Epps was able to collect and interpret data in order to resolve the problem that initiated the research. This is another essential characteristic of research. Finally, it can be observed that research is, by its nature, cyclical or, more exactly, helical as it involves the interweaving and interlinking of the research characteristics in order to be able to support the whole research and realize the research goals and objectives. References Epps, A. C. (1961). The Christian Doctrine of Slavery: A Theological Analysis. The Journal of Negro History, 46(4), 243-249. Porter, D. M. (1982). Charles Darwins Notes on Plants of the Beagle Voyage. Taxon, 31(3), 503-506. Wolf, S. M. (1997). Ban Cloning? Why NBAC Is Wrong. The Hastings Center Report, 27(5), 12-15.

Saturday, February 22, 2020

Effective Behavior Support Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 words

Effective Behavior Support - Assignment Example Materials from presentations available on certain websites have also been studied. In end of the article, a conclusion has been drawn to present crux of whole discussion. Research Methodology The data is taken from various research journals, books, and magazines. The publications mostly published after 2000 A.D have been studied for discussion and literature review. The author has tried to review most recent studies regarding effective behavior support. Literature Review Many scholars and researchers have written on the topic of effective behavior support. Effective academic instructions should emphasize on facilitating students success during tenure of their teaching in schools (Scott et al., 2002). This will support the students in obtaining better results and show responsible behavior towards their studies. Li (2000) has argued that students are affected by school environments as well as community outside the school premises. As students spend their life in different environments, they are influenced by different settings such as family, peer group, school etc. Within their family, children learn basic things of their life – things like eating, speaking, behaving with family members and outsiders. Christensen (2003) has found that a number of research studies indicate that the extent to which students feel connected to their school, feel connected to their home, feel connected to peer groups, is the extent to which their achievement is predicted to be successful. Social and economical conditions also affect the behavior of students and degree of participation in the school activities. Hourahan (2000) finds through his research studies that students belonging to working class in USA had more language problems than the students coming from wealthier families. Gao (2000) has also described the impact of social status on the intercultural communication regarding Chinese in Australian education institutions. In this backdrop, socio-economic status plays a significant part in determining the chances of success for the students. Why effective behavior support is needed? Effective behavior support (EBS) is adopted by different nations (Safran, 2006). It is a comprehensive approach that focuses on prevention of negative behavior through careful and systematic educational programs. This approach supports students all over the world to decrease negative and antisocial behavior (Sugai & Horner, 2006). This approach is applied not only to individual students but also to entire school setting. It has also received positive response from institutions across the world. The effective behavior support minimizes the problem behavior (Carr et al., 2002). It involves respectful, constructive, proactive, and educative behaviors that bring positive changes in society as well as in behavior of the individuals. Behavior management is highly dependent on the educational background and social set up. Scholars have noted a number of behavior problems in st udents. To get a crystal clear picture of this behavior, classroom and non-classroom settings have been studied. Researchers emphasize that behavior support plays vital role in success of students and has positive impact on the environment of the school. Effective behavior support demands for improvement in the school atmosphere that helps students achieve maximum results. Positive behavior support incorporates a number of strategies which aim at gaining significant social and learning outcomes. Approaches to behavior